Geological Field Trips:

Lesson Plan #1: Virtual Field Trip to the Grand Canyon
Lesson Plan #2: Glaciers

Prepared by:Patti Zvanut, ABC Unified School District, Cerritos, CA USA

URL: http://www.can-do.com/lessons98/Canyon.html


More Internet Science Web Quests and Lesson Plans at These Locations:

1997 Lessons: http://www.can-do.com/uci/lessons97/index.html

1998 Lessons http://www.can-do.com/uci/lessons98/index.html

1999 Lessons http://www.can-do.com/uci/lessons99/index.html



 

Lesson Plan #1: Virtual Field Trip to the Grand Canyon

 
Objective:
Students will utilize the Internet to take a "virtual field trip" to the Grand Canyon to discover how it was formed, where all the rocks came from, and when it all happened.

WWW Resource Address:
http://www.kaibab.org/geology/gc_geol.htm

Time Required:
Two forty-five minute periods in the computer lab.

Suggested Grade Level:
Grades 4-8

Grouping:
Students will work in groups of two on a computer that has access to the Internet.

Enrichment:
Students may make a PowerPoint or Hyperstudio presentation on the topic or related topics and present it to the class.  Some students may wish to go to the Grand Canyon and a make a photographic or video account of their expedition.

Materials:
Sixteen computers that have access to the Internet. Teacher made worksheets.  Student floppy disks or any other removable storage media to store all work and bookmarks.
 

Teacher Preparation:

Procedure: Evaluation:
The worksheet will include a student self-assessment. Information gathered from this field trip will be included on the Geology Unit test.
Students may give a short five minute presentation demonstrating what they have learned.  Casual observation by the instructor will determine whether the students are on task.
All work including bookmarks should be saved to a student floppy disk.


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************** Worksheets:  *************



Note for teachers:
These worksheets can be highlighted, copied (Ctrl+C) and pasted (Ctrl+V) into a word processing program such as Microsoft Word.  The worksheets may be printed out and used in conjunction with the Student Web quest.  Additional formatting is required to get the desired look in the work processor.


 
 

Name_________________Period #___

Date _____________________

Partner's name: _________________________

Grand Canyon Virtual Field Trip on the Internet

Previous Knowledge.

1. What do you know about the Grand Canyon? Why is it famous? ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

2 . What does the Grand Canyon show us about the Earth's history? ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

3. Have you ever visited the Grand Canyon before? If so, what can you remember
    about your trip?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________
 

4. How old do you think the Earth is?  __________________________________________
 


Visit the following Web Site.
http://www.kaibab.org/geology/gc_geol.htm#how

Field Trip Questions

1. What is the most powerful force to have an impact on the formation of the Grand Canyon?
    Explain how it works?
                                          ____________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

2. What is the name of the river that has contributed to the formation of the
    Grand Canyon? ____________________________________________________________

3. The soil in the Grand Canyon is baked hard by the sun. Plants have shallow roots and
    cannot hold very much water. When it rains, there's nothing to hold the rocks and soil in
    place. The result is a _____________ ___________ so strong that it can move boulders the
    size of cars, buses, and even small houses!

4. The next most powerful force is ________. It expands and pushes the rocks
    apart causing cracks. The rocks eventually fall into the canyon and break into
    smaller pieces. It is then carried down the river during the next rainfall.

5. Rocks and sediments are pushed along the river. They slowly eat away at the
    ground. What happens to the size of the river? __________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

6. Where did all of the rock come from? Watch the simulation of continental drift.
    Notice how the land was 550 MYA (million years ago), 220 MYA, 190 MYA,
    136 MYA, 65 MYA, to the present day. The Grand Canyon is marked with a red
    dot. It is on the North American plate. Where was the Grand Canyon located 550 MYA?

____________________ ____________________________________________________

7. In time, the Grand Canyon moved __________ and turned about _____ degrees
    to reach its present location.

8. We know that when tectonic plates move towards each other, they buckle up
    and form mountains. The base of the Grand Canyon was made up of mountains
    formed about _______billion years ago. That's about ____ the age of the Earth.

9. The mountains have eroded away, and sedimentary rock has covered them over.
    We have found fossils that have proven the Grand Canyon was once formed under
    the ocean. Give three examples of the types of fossils found that prove this. ___________________,______________________, ______________________________

10. The first sedimentary layer was formed about 1.25 billion years ago. It is called
       the __________ Formation.

11. The top layer of the Grand Canyon is made of many marine fossils. This layer
      is about 250 million years old and is called ________________.

12. The Rocky Mountains begin to form ______ - ______ million years ago, and
      soon after the Colorado River was born.

Evaluation

1. Did you and your partner take turns sitting at the keyboard, and using the mouse?

__________ If not, tell why. ________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

2. What did you enjoy best about your field trip to the Grand Canyon? ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

3. Did you have any problems? Explain. ________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

4. Where would you like to visit next?
    How could it further your knowledge of Geology?

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________
 


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**************************************

Lesson Plan #2: Glaciers

Objective:



WWW Resource Address:
http://www.uvm.edu/whale/GlaciersGlacialAges.html

Time Required:
Two forty-five minute periods in the computer lab.

Suggested Grade Level:
Grades 4-8

Grouping:
Students will work in groups of two on a computer that has access to the Internet.

Enrichment:
Students may make a PowerPoint or Hyperstudio presentation on the topic or related topics and present it to the class.

Materials:
Sixteen computers that have access to the Internet. Teacher made worksheets.  Student floppy disks or any other removable storage media to store all work and bookmarks.

Teacher Preparation:

Procedure:

Evaluation:

Students will be evaluated on both their cooperative behavior, and the quality of their work.
 
 
 



************************************************************************************

Worksheet Title:

Name ___________#___

Date ________________

Partner's Name ___________________

Virtual Field Trip on the Internet to Explore Glaciers

Previous Knowledge

1. Describe a glacier. What is it made of? _________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

2. What do glaciers do to the land as they move around? _________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

3. Name some places where someone can see a real glacier. _________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

Click on the hyper link or type the URL below.

http://www.uvm.edu/whale/GlaciersGlacialAges.html

Field Trip Questions

Click on: What are Glaciers?

1. What are glaciers made of? How were they formed?

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

Click on: What are the physical effects of glaciers?

2. What does a glacier do to the bedrock surface of the earth as it moves around?

_________________________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

3. Vermont was once completely covered with glaciers. What evidence do we
    have that proves this?
                                      ______________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________________________

Click on: How Did a Whale Get In Vermont?

4. What kind of whale was preserved in the sediments of the Champlain Sea?

________________________________________________________________________
 


***********End of Work Sheets***********

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Created August 1st, 1997
Revised, March 23, 2000